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Human Growth CLEP Practice Test
1) Which person believed that children were born a blank slate?
A) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
B) John Locke
C) Alfred Binet
D) Sigmund Freud
E) Erik Erikson
2) According to the social learning theory, behaviors and personalities develop as people
A) Adjust their behavior to be less like people they dislike.
B) Model themselves after people they admire or associate themselves with.
C) Learn to get what they want through the process of trial and error.
D) Repeatedly undergo the process of operant conditioning when developing their personalities.
E) None of the above
3) Trust vs. Mistrust is Erikson’s developmental stage which occurs while a
D) School-age child
4) ________ is the earliest sound a child makes to communicate?
E) None of the above
5) A student is nervous about a test they have coming up so they decide to study an extra hour the night before. They can sleep well because they feel more prepared. The next day they take the test and feel confident about how they did. The test is returned to them and they have received a perfect score, and will get an A grade for the quarter. The student’s parents are pleased and reward them by taking them out to dinner. Name all of the intrinsic reinforcers for the student in the story.
A) Relieved anxiety, confidence, pleased parents
B) Confidence, good grades, dinner
C) Dinner, relieved anxiety, pleased parents
D) Relieved anxiety, confidence
E) Confidence, sleep well, pleased parents
6) ___________ is the ethical component of personality and provides moral standards.
D) Id and ego
E) Superego and ego
7) The belief that you are the center of the universe
8) If a teacher rewards children with treats for participating in class, what type of conditioning is occurring?
A) Positive reinforcing
B) Negative reinforcing
C) Positive punishment
D) Negative punishment
E) No conditioning is occurring
9) A statistical measure of typical scores for categories of information
A) Class inclusion
C) Developmental norm
10) What was the visual cliff experiment designed to test?
A) An infant’s depth perception
B) An infant’s auditory capabilities
C) An infant’s visual acuity
D) An infant’s mental capabilities
D) An infant’s hand eye coordination
CLEP Practice Test Answer Key:
- B:) John Locke.
- B:) Model themselves after the people they admire or associate themselves with. Modeling is the central focus of the social learning theory
- A:) Infant.
- D:) Crying.
- D:) Relieved anxiety, confidence. This is the only answer which contains only intrinsic reinforcers, though all of the other answers do contain reinforcers. Pleased parents may seem like an intrinsic reinforcer, however the pleased feeling is for the parents, not the student, and the story does not actually indicate the student’s response to their parent’s approval.
- C:) Superego.
- E:) Egocentrism.
- A:) Positive reinforcing. It is positive because the children are being given something they desire and it is reinforcement because the teacher wants to make them more likely to participate again.
- C:) Developmental norm.
- A:) An infant’s depth perception. The visual cliff experiment was designed to see if an infant would crawl across a sheet of glass to their mother.