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Ethics in America DANTES Practice Test
1) Which of the following statements is correct?
A) In Hinduism there is no difference between the souls of animals and humans, so it is wrong to harm either in any way.
B) Ahimsa literally means “do no harm” and is a central idea of Hinduism.
C) Ahimsa supports a person’s actions in self defense.
D) All of the above are true.
2) Which of the following is NOT a rule for human research?
A) The patient is fully informed and has given consent.
B) The patient is mentally competent to consent.
C) The treatment is relatively fast acting.
D) The treatment is meant to cure the patient.
3) Which of the following is an example of active euthanasia?
A) Disconnecting the life support machine from a person who still has brain function.
B) Refusing to perform a potentially life saving surgery.
C) Legally taking a person in a coma off of life support.
D) Knowingly administering a lethal overdose of prescribed medication.
4) Which philosopher believed that suicide was acceptable only when serving a bigger purpose?
A) Sir Francis Bacon
B) John Dewey
C) John Locke
5) Which of the following would be considered a sustainable practice?
A) Use of fossil fuels
B) Cutting down trees
D) Excessive hunting
6) What matters did the Law of Moses concern?
A) Only II
B) I and II only
C) II and III only
D) I, II, and III
7) Which of the following statements INCORRECTLY describes Kant’s theory?
A) He believed that for a principle to be correct it had to be universal.
B) Kant’s theories directly opposed the theories of the Enlightenment.
C) He believed that universality would make ethical principles irrefutable.
D) Kant argued that since reason could explain physical laws, it could explain moral laws as well.
8) Which of the following is included in the UN’s definition of political freedoms?
D) All of the above
9) What is affirmative action?
A) When a person actively affirms that they belong to a specific religion.
B) A term which applies only to feminism and helping underrepresented women.
C) A philosophy which attempts to benefit underrepresented groups based on race, gender or religion.
D) A famous law firm in Dallas, Texas which actively seeks out racism cases.
10) What is environmental racism?
A) Any practice which harms an environment that is low income or racially homogenous more than it does other environments.
B) Discriminating against certain types of plants. For example, some people refuse to plant rose bushes.
C) A theory which revolves around a philosophy which states that plants are capable of feeling emotion.
D) None of the above are correct because there is no such thing as environmental racism.
DSST Practice Test Answer Key:
- D:) All of the above are true. Answers A, B, and C are all correct statements about Ahimsa and its application in Hinduism.
- C:) The treatment is relatively fast acting. Answers A, B, and D are all requirements that must be met before human experimentation occurs.
- D:) Knowingly administering a lethal overdose of prescribed medication. In active euthanasia, a person actively brings about a patients death. Answers A, B, and C are all examples of passive euthanasia.
- C:) John Locke. In most aspects Locke believed that a person was not justified in committing suicide.
- C:) Recycling. Use of fossil fuels, cutting down trees, and excessive hunting are all examples of exploitative activities which harm the environment.
- D:) I, II, and III. The Law of Moses directed the Israelites in essentially every aspect of their lives.
- B:) Kant’s theories directly opposed the theories of the Enlightenment. Kant was actually one of the supporters of the Enlightenment. He supported reason and rationality as the basis for ethical principles.
- D:) All of the above. Also included are the freedoms of expression, information, association and suffrage.
- C:) A philosophy which attempts to benefit underrepresented groups based on race, gender or religion. While it could in cases apply to feminism (Answer B), affirmative action is a general term best explained by Answer C.
- A:) Any practice which harms an environment that is low income or racially homogenous more than it does other environments.