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Fundamentals of Counseling DANTES Practice Test
1) A counselor is hired by an organization to analyze and improve the communication
structure of the organization. The consultation model best described by the
situation is the
A) Mental health model
B) Training workshop model
C) Behavioral model
D) Process model
The correct answer is D:) Process model. The process model is mainly focused with
organizational structures. The consultant in this model is essentially an expert in
2) Shaping occurs in stages referred to as
A) Successive approximations
The correct answer is A:) Successive approximations. Shaping involves reinforcing
gradual changes towards a desired behavior. Each stage is a successive approximation
in the process.
3) Congruence is an important element in which type of theories?
D) None of the above
The correct answer is A:) Humanistic. In humanistic theories the most important trait
for a counselor to possess is referred to as congruence.
4) Which of the following terms is NOT interchangeable with the others?
The correct answer is B:) Eclecticism. Genuineness, authenticity and congruence all
refer to counselors appearing as real and caring individuals to their clients.
5) Edmund Husserl is associated with which approach to therapy?
The correct answer is B:) Phenomenological.
6) The work of Frederick and Laura Perls is associated with
A) Gestalt therapy
B) Holistic therapy
C) Psychodynamic therapy
D) Rational emotive behavioral therapy
The correct answer is A:) Gestalt therapy.
7) Which individual is most associated with person-centered therapy?
A) Carl Rogers
B) Jean Piaget
C) P.F. Skinner
D) Viktor Frankel
The correct answer is A:) Carl Rogers.
8) Which of the following is NOT an importance premise of logotherapy?
A) All life has meaning
B) People have a will to meaning
C) People must be taught a will to meaning
D) People can active their will to meaning and pursue a better life
The correct answer is C:) People must be taught a will to meaning. Answers A, B and
D are the three main premises of logotherapy.
9) A patient suffering from depression feels as though their life has no purpose,
and that they cannot make it have purpose. Their therapist focuses their attention
on finding the meaning of their life, and convincing them that no matter
what, all life has meaning. This approach is most correctly described as
A) Gestalt therapy
B) Holistic therapy
D) Cognitive therapy
The correct answer is C:) Logotherapy. Logotherapy is based off the belief that all life
has meaning, people have a will to meaning and that people can harness it to pursue a
10) Which of the following does NOT characterize Adlerian counseling?
A) An open and trusting relationship between counselor and client.
B) A goal of changing the client’s belief system to a more correct and healthy
C) An emphasis on behavior modification to eliminate client feelings of superiority.
D) Neither A nor C is a characteristic of Adlerian counseling.
The correct answer is C:) An emphasis on behavior modification to eliminate client
feelings of superiority. Adlerian philosophy works to elevate patients from feelings of
inferiority, not the other way around.